Name: Palaeoctopus ‭(‬Ancient octopus‭)‬.
Phonetic: Pay-lee-ok-toe-pus.
Named By: H.‭ ‬Woodward‭ ‬-‭ ‬1896.
Synonyms: Cala´s newboldi,‭ ‬Paleoctopus newboldi.
Classification: Mollusca,‭ ‬Cephalopoda,‭ ‬Octopoda,‭ ‬Palaeoctopodidae.
Species: P.‭ ‬newboldi (type).
Diet: Carnivore.
Size: Unavailable.
Known locations: Lebanon.
Time period: Turonian/Coniacian to Campanian of the Cretaceous.
Fossil representation: Few specimens.

       Palaeoctopus was one of the first prehistoric octopuses ever discovered,‭ ‬and since its discovery fossils of octopuses,‭ ‬and cephalopods in general,‭ ‬have proven hard to find because their soft bodies usually decompose long before they have chance to fossilise.‭ ‬Overtime several fossils have been attributed to this genus,‭ ‬though Mexican fossils once added are now interpreted to be partial fossils of coelacanths.‭

       Other examples of prehistoric cephalopod genera include Proteroctopus,‭ ‬Pohlsepia,‭ ‬Styletoctopus,‭ ‬Keuppia and Vampyronassa amongst others.

Further reading
-On a fossil octopus‭ (‬Calais Newboldi,‭ ‬J.‭ ‬de C.‭ ‬Sby,‭ ‬MS‭) ‬from the Cretaceous of the Lebanon,‭ ‬H.‭ ‬woodward‭ ‬-‭ ‬1896.
- A New Palaeoctopus (Cephalopoda: Coleoidea) from the Late Cretaceous of Vallecillo, North-Eastern Mexico, and Implications for the Evolution of Octopoda. - Palaeontology. 51: 1129. - D. Fuchs, C. Ifrim & W. Stinnesbeck - 2008.
- Palaeoctopus pelagicusfrom the Turonian of Mexico reinterpreted as a coelacanth (sarcopterygian) sular plate. - Palaeontology. 53 (3): 689. H. P. Schultze, D. Fuchs, S. Giersch, C. Ifrim & W. Stinnesbeck - 2010.


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