Named By: David Meredith Seares Watson - 1912.
Classification: Chordata, Reptilia, Rhynchosauria.
Species: M. browni (type).
Size: About 30 centimetres long.
Known locations: South Africa - Burgersdorp Formation.
Time period: Anisian of the Triassic.
Fossil representation: Skull and partial skeletons.
Though the name means ‘crocodile’, Mesosuchus was actually one of the rhynchosaurs, a distinct group of archosaurs noted for having a herbivorous diet. Mesosuchus seems to be one of the more primitive forms with later relatives showing distinctly more developed adaptations for their lifestyles.
- Mesosuchus browni, gen. et spe. Nov. - Records of the Albany Museum 2: 298–299. - David Meredith Seares Watson - 1912.
- The Early Triassic rhynchosaur Mesosuchus browni and the interrelationships of basal archosauromorph reptiles". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B 353: 501–541 - David M. Dilkes - 1998.