Mammuthus sungari
Songhua River mammoth

*SPECIAL NOTE* - Mammuthus sungari has now been found to be a synonym to Mammuthus trogontherii (Steppe mammoth). This page remains online for archive purposes.

Name: Mammuthus sungari
Phonetic: Mam-mu-fus sun-ga-ree.
Named By: M.‭ ‬Z.‭ ‬Zhou‭ ‬-‭ ‬1959.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Mammalia,‭ ‬Proboscidea,‭ ‬Elephantidae,‭ ‬Mammuthus.
Species: M.‭ ‬sungari.
Diet: Herbivore.
Size: Up to‭ ‬5.3‭ ‬meters tall at the shoulder.
Known locations: China.
Time period: Mid Pleistocene.
Fossil representation: Few specimens.

       For a little over fifty years Mammuthus sungari,‭ ‬perhaps better known as the Songhua River mammoth,‭ ‬has been regarded as being the largest known species of mammoth,‭ ‬and possibly the second largest terrestrial mammal of all time‭ (‬the title of largest currently goes to Paraceratherium‭)‬.‭ ‬However a‭ ‬2010‭ ‬study of known specimens‭ (‬conducted by GuangBiao Wei,‭ ‬SongMei Hu,‭ ‬KeFu Yu,‭ ‬YaMei Hou,‭ ‬Xin Li,‭ ‬ChangZhu Jin,‭ ‬Yuan Wang,‭ ‬JianXin Zhao and WenHua Wang‭) ‬has since concluded that smaller specimens of M.‭ ‬sungari are referable to M.‭ ‬primogenius‭ (‬woolly mammoth‭) ‬and the larger specimens are actually referable to M.‭ ‬trogontherii‭ (‬Steppe mammoth‭)‬.‭ ‬As such the future of M.‭ ‬sungari as a distinct species is now in doubt and its most likely that from now on M.‭ ‬trogontherii will be referred to as the largest mammoth species,‭ ‬which also means that M.‭ ‬trogontherii will also be considered to be larger than M.‭ ‬imperator‭ (‬imperial mammoth‭) ‬which was previously considered to be larger than M.‭ ‬trogontherii.




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