(Rühle von Lilienstern's one).
Named By: Samuel Paul Welles - 1984.
Synonyms: Halticosaurus liliensterni.
Classification: Chordata, Reptilia, Dinosauria, Saurischia, Theropoda, Coelophysoidea.
Species: L. liliensterni (type).
Size: 5.15 meters long.
Known locations: Germany - Trossingen Formation.
Time period: Norian of the Triassic.
Fossil representation: Partial skull and post cranial remains of at least two individuals.
Liliensternus holotype was originally described in
1934 as a
species of Halticosaurus
by Friedrich von Huene. However a later
palaeontologist named Samuel Paul Welles concluded that this species
was actually different beyond the species level and created the genus
of Liliensternus for it instead. Further
complication to the history
of the genus comes from the creation of another new species from
France. Named Liliensternus airelensis, this
species has since been
renamed as the genus Lophostropheus.
At over five meters long Liliensternus was a large theropod dinosaur for the late Triassic. With its size it’s very probable that Liliensternus hunted sauropodomorph dinosaurs (the ancestors of the massive sauropods) like Plateosaurus, although smaller theropod dinosaurs might have also been taken. Liliensternus is usually depicted with a crested snout similar to that of the later Dilophosaurus of the Jurassic.
- Dilophosaurus wetherilli (Dinosauria, Theropoda): osteology and comparisons. - Palaeontographica Abteilung A 185:85-180. - S. P. Welles - 1984.
- The coelophysoid Lophostropheus airelensis, gen. nov.: a review of the systematics of "Liliensternus" airelensis from the Triassic-Jurassic boundary outcrops of Normandy (France). - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 27(1): 73-86. - Martin D. Ezcurra & Gilles Cuny - 2007.