Liliensternus

Name: Liliensternus ‭(‬Rühle von Lilienstern's one‭)‬.
Phonetic: Lil-e-en-ster-nus.
Named By: Samuel Paul Welles‭ ‬-‭ ‬1984.
Synonyms: Halticosaurus liliensterni.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Reptilia,‭ ‬Dinosauria,‭ ‬Saurischia,‭ ‬Theropoda,‭ ‬Coelophysoidea.
Species: L.‭ ‬liliensterni‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Carnivore.
Size: 5.15‭ ‬meters long.
Known locations: Germany‭ ‬-‭ ‬Trossingen Formation.
Time period: Norian of the Triassic.
Fossil representation: Partial skull and post cranial remains of at least two individuals.

       The Liliensternus holotype was originally described in‭ ‬1934‭ ‬as a species of Halticosaurus by Friedrich von Huene.‭ ‬However a later palaeontologist named Samuel Paul Welles concluded that this species was actually different beyond the species level and created the genus of Liliensternus for it instead.‭ ‬Further complication to the history of the genus comes from the creation of another new species from France.‭ ‬Named Liliensternus airelensis,‭ ‬this species has since been renamed as the genus Lophostropheus.
       At over five meters long Liliensternus was a large theropod dinosaur for the late Triassic.‭ ‬With its size it‭’‬s very probable that Liliensternus hunted sauropodomorph dinosaurs‭ (‬the ancestors of the massive sauropods‭) ‬like Plateosaurus,‭ ‬although smaller theropod dinosaurs might have also been taken.‭ ‬Liliensternus is usually depicted with a crested snout similar to that of the later Dilophosaurus of the Jurassic.

Further reading
- Dilophosaurus wetherilli (Dinosauria, Theropoda): osteology and comparisons. - Palaeontographica Abteilung A 185:85-180. - S. P. Welles - 1984.
- The coelophysoid Lophostropheus airelensis, gen. nov.: a review of the systematics of "Liliensternus" airelensis from the Triassic-Jurassic boundary outcrops of Normandy (France). - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 27(1): 73-86. - Martin D. Ezcurra & Gilles Cuny - 2007.



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