Kaprosuchus

Name: Kaprosuchus‭ (‬Boar crocodile‭)‬.
Phonetic: Kap-roe-soo-kuss.
Named By: Paul Sereno‭ & ‬Hans Larsson‭ ‬-‭ ‬2009.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Reptilia,‭ ‬Crocodylomorpha,‭ ‬Mahajangasuchidae.
Species: K.‭ ‬saharicus (type).
Type: Carnivore.‭
Size: Total length of holotype skull 507 millimetres long, length of holotype jaws 603 millimetres long. Originally estimated at 6 meters long, later comparisons to similar crocodiles suggest a total estimated body length approximately 3.3 meters long.
Known locations: Africa,‭ ‬Niger,‭ ‬Echkar Formation.
Time period: Cenomanian of the Cretaceous.
Fossil representation: Single almost complete skull and lower jaws.

       After the release of its description,‭ ‬Kaprosuchus,‭ ‬or‭ '‬Boar Croc‭' ‬as it is more often called,‭ ‬quickly captured the public’s imagination and entered popular culture soon after. ‬The name comes from the three sets of teeth that look like the tusks on a wild boar.‭ ‬These pairs of teeth are divided two pairs to the top jaw,‭ ‬one pair to the lower.‭ ‬The jaws also have notches in the bone to allow the teeth to pass through.‭ ‬Without these notches,‭ ‬Kaprosuchus would have had its jaws permanently held open by its own teeth.
       The tip of the snout is quite bulky and may have had a keratinous growth.‭ ‬Speculation for this feature has been for a potential battering ram,‭ ‬where Kaprosuchus would charge at its prey,‭ ‬stunning or knocking it down before clamping down with its jaws and teeth. The eye sockets are in a similar arrangement to other terrestrial crocodiles in that they are angled forward as opposed to upward.‭ ‬There is also enough‭ ‬of an‭ ‬angle to indicate the possibility that Kaprosuchus had stereoscopic vision,‭ ‬giving it a degree of depth perception.

Further reading
- Cretaceous crocodyliforms from the Sahara. - ZooKeys 28 (2009): 1–143. - Paul C. Sereno & Hans C. E. Larrson - 2009.



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