Jinfengopteryx

Name: Jinfengopteryx ‭(‬Jinfeng feather‭)‬.
Phonetic: Jin-feng-op-the-riks.
Named By: Q.‭ ‬Ji,‭ ‬S.‭ ‬-A.‭ ‬Ji,‭ ‬J.,‭ ‬H.‭ ‬You,‭ ‬W.‭ ‬Chen,‭ ‬Y.‭ ‬Liu‭ & ‬Y.‭ ‬Liu‭ ‬-‭ ‬2005.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Reptilia,‭ ‬Dinosauria,‭ ‬Saurischia,‭ ‬Theropoda,‭ ‬Troodontidae.
Species: J.‭ ‬elegans‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Carnivore‭?
Size: About‭ ‬55‭ ‬centimetres long.
Known locations: China,‭ ‬Hebei Province‭ ‬-‭ ‬Huajiying Formation,‭ ‬Qiaotou member.
Time period: Barremian/Aptian‭? ‬of the Cretaceous.
Fossil representation: Almost complete articulated skeleton preserved on a slab.

       Initially thought to be one of the most primitive birds in the fossil record,‭ ‬later studies have depicted Jinfengopteryx as a small troodontid theropod dinosaur.‭ ‬This new interpretation has been derived from observation of the form of the skull and the presence of an enlarged sickle claw on the second toe of each foot.‭ ‬Jinfengopteryx can be broken down to mean‭ ‘‬Jinfeng feather‭’‬.‭ ‬Jinfeng itself is Chinese and means Golden Phoenix,‭ ‬which in Chinese folklore was the queen of the birds.‭ ‬The inspiration for this came from the original idea of Jinfengopteryx being a primitive bird.

Further reading
-‭ ‬First avialan bird from China.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Geological Bulletin of China‭ ‬24‭(‬3‭)‬:197-210.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Q.‭ ‬Ji,‭ ‬S.‭ ‬-A.‭ ‬Ji,‭ ‬J.,‭ ‬H.‭ ‬You,‭ ‬W.‭ ‬Chen,‭ ‬Y.‭ ‬Liu‭ & ‬Y.‭ ‬Liu‭ ‬-‭ ‬2005.
-‭ ‬Jinfengopteryx compared to Archaeopteryx,‭ ‬with comments on the mosaic evolution of long-tailed avialan birds. -‭ ‬Acta Geologica Sinica‭ (‬English Edition‭)‬,‭ ‬81‭(‬3‭)‬:‭ ‬337-343.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Ji S.‭ & ‬Ji,‭ ‬Q.‭ ‬-‭ ‬2007.



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