Galvesaurus
alt, Galveosaurus

Name: Galvesaurus/Galveosaurus ‭(‬Galve lizard‭)‬.
Phonetic: Gal-vee-oh-sore-us.
Named By: Galvesaurus named by J. I. Barco, J. L. Canudo, G. Cuenca-Bescós & J. I. Ruíz-Omeñaca - 2005. Galveosaurus named by Bárbara Sánchez-Hernández‭ ‬-‭ ‬2005.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Reptilia,‭ ‬Dinosauria,‭ ‬Saurichia,‭ ‬Sauropoda,‭ ‬Turiasauria.
Species: G.‭ ‬herreroi‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Herbivore.
Size: About‭ ‬16‭ ‬meters long.
Known locations: Spain‭ ‬-‭ ‬Villar del Arzobispo Formation.
Time period: Tithonian/Berriasian‭ (‬Jurassic/Cretaceous‭) ‬boundary.
Fossil representation: Partial remains including limbs,‭ ‬pelvis and vertebrae.




       The name of this dinosaur has been the subsect of continuing controversy,‭ ‬being regarded as either Galvesaurus or Galveosaurus.‭ ‬This is because the holotype fossils of this dinosaur were named in two differing papers by two separate papers,‭ ‬published in a short space of time to one another.‭ ‬Reasons and accusations have been made by both camps,‭ ‬and at the time of writing both spellings can appear.‭ ‬When this dinosaur was first entered here Galveosaurus seemed to be the more common version in usage,‭ ‬but the reader is asked to be aware that while Galveosaurus may continue to be used here in places,‭ ‬the alternative spelling of Galvesaurus is preferred by others.
       Galveosaurus has been identified as a member of the Turiasauria,‭ ‬indicating that the genus was more closely related to genera such as Turiasaurus,‭ ‬Zby and Losillasaurus.‭ ‬All in all Galveosaurus seems to have been a mid-sized sauropod dinosaur,‭ ‬that was pretty average for the European continent which during the late Jurassic/early Cretaceous was more like a group of islands rather than a single continental landmass‭ (‬though genera such as Turiasaurus are known to have grown much bigger‭)‬.‭ ‬In addition to the smaller size of Galveosaurus,‭ ‬the bones are also noted as being quite gracile indicating that Galveosaurus would have also been lightly built.‭ ‬Possible predatory threats to Galveosaurus would likely include large predatory theropod dinosaurs similar to Torvosaurus,‭ ‬which is known from late Jurassic aged deposits in nearby Portugal.

Further reading
-‭ ‬Galveosaurus herreroi,‭ ‬a new sauropod dinosaur from Villar del Arzobispo Formation‭ (‬Tithonian-Berriasian‭) ‬of Spain.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Zootaxa‭ ‬1034:‭ ‬1‭–‬20.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Bárbara Sánchez-Hernández‭ ‬-‭ ‬2005.
-‭ ‬Un nuevo dinosaurio saurópodo,‭ ‬Galvesaurus herreroi gen.‭ ‬nov.,‭ ‬sp.‭ ‬nov.,‭ ‬del tránsito Jurásico-Cretácico en Galve‭ (‬Teruel,‭ ‬NE de España‭)‬.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Naturaleza Aragonesa‭ ‬15:‭ ‬4-17.‭ ‬-‭ ‬J.‭ ‬I.‭ ‬Barco,‭ ‬J.‭ ‬L.‭ ‬Canudo,‭ ‬G.‭ ‬Cuenca-Bescós‭ & ‬J.‭ ‬I.‭ ‬Ruíz-Omeñaca‭ ‬-‭ ‬2005.
-‭ ‬The new sauropod from Spain:‭ ‬Galveosaurus or Galvesaurus‭? ‬-‭ ‬Zootaxa‭ ‬-‭ ‬Bárbara Sánchez-Hernández‭ ‬-‭ ‬2006.
- On the phylogenetic position of the sauropod
Galvesaurus, and other reflections. - V Jornadas Internacionales sobre Paleontología de Dinosaurios y su entorno. - J. L. Barco & J. I. Canudo - 2012.
- New contributions to the phylogenetic position of the sauropod Galvesaurus herreroi from the late Kimmeridgian-early Tithonian (Jurassic) of Teruel (Spain). - Boletín Geológico y Minero. 130 (3): 375–392. - M. Pérez-Pueyo, M. Moreno-Azanza, J. L. Barco & J. I. Canudo - 2019.



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