Doswellia

Name: Doswellia ‭(‬after Doswell‭)‬.
Phonetic: Dos-wel-le-ah.
Named By: R.‭ ‬E.‭ ‬Weems‭ ‬-‭ ‬1980.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Reptilia,‭ ‬Archosauriformes,‭ ‬Doswelliidae.
Species: D.‭ ‬kaltenbachi‭ (‬type‭)‬,‭ ‬D.‭ ‬sixmilensis.
Diet: Carnivore.
Size: Up to‭ ‬2‭ ‬meters long.
Known locations: USA,‭ ‬including‭ ‬New Mexico,‭ ‬Texas,‭ ‬Utah‭ & ‬Virginia.
Time period: Carnian to Norian of the Triassic.
Fossil representation: Many individuals.

       Doswellia was a two meter long reptile that had an elongated body that was protected by a covering of bony scutes in a similar manner to a crocodile.‭ ‬Doswellia had a triangular shaped skull when viewed from above,‭ ‬the snout being much narrower than the posterior regions of the skull.‭ ‬The skull of Doswellia also identifies it as a euryapsid,‭ ‬a member of the Euryapsida,‭ ‬a group of reptiles similar to diapsids,‭ ‬but where the lower temporal fenestra has closed in on itself.‭ ‬These reptiles became quite common in the past with members including plesiosaurs and the placodonts,‭ ‬though today there are no known surviving members of this group.‭ ‬Doswellia has in the past been considered as uncertain in its ecological role,‭ ‬though it has often been mentioned as a predator of small animals.‭ ‬The narrow snout of Doswellia would have been of particular use for reaching into crevices to pluck out hiding prey.
       Doswellia is the type genus of the Doswelliidae,‭ ‬a group of archosauriforms that also includes Archeopelta and Tarjadia.

Further reading
-‭ ‬An unusual newly discovered archosaur from the Upper Triassic of Virginia,‭ ‬U.S.A,‭ ‬R.‭ ‬E.‭ ‬Weems‭ ‬-‭ ‬1980.

-‭ ‬A new species of the enigmatic archosauromorph Doswellia from the Upper Triassic Bluewater Creek Formation,‭ ‬New Mexico,‭ ‬USA,‭ ‬Andrew B.‭ ‬Heckert,‭ ‬Spencer G.Lucas‭ & ‬Justin A.Spielmann‭ ‬-‭ ‬2012.

-‭ ‬Redescription and phylogenetic relationships of Doswellia kaltenbachi(Diapsida:‭ ‬Archosauriformes‭) ‬from the Upper Triassic of Virginia,‭ ‬D.‭ ‬Dilkes‭ & ‬H.‭ ‬D.‭ ‬Sues‭ ‬-‭ ‬2009.



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