Phonetic: Kroc-oh-dil-us for-b-yar-nar-son-e.
Named By: Christopher A. Brochu & Glenn W. Storrs - 2012.
Classification: Chordata, Reptilia, Crocodylomorpha, Crocodylia, Crocodylidae, Crocodylinae, Crocodylus.
Species: C. thorbjarnarsoni.
Size: Estimated between 7.5 to 8 meters long.
Known locations: Kenya, Turkana Basin - Koobi Fora Formation & Nachukui Formation.
Time period: Zanclean of the Pliocene through to Early Gelasian of the Pleistocene.
Fossil representation: Several skulls as well as lower jaws.
lack of a better term Crocodylus thorbjarnarsoni
was big, bigger than
today’s largest crocodiles including Crocodylus niloticus
crocodile) and even Crocodylus porosus (salt
Crocodylus thorbjarnarsoni is also considered to be
anthropophagus, a species named
two years earlier
that is considered to possibly be closely related to C.
thorbjarnarsoni. C. thorbjarnarsoni
shared a similar nasal
arrangement with C. anthrophagous in that the
nasals faced slightly
forward. C. thorbjarnarsoni also had ridges
along the squamosal
bones at the back of the skull that were similar to but different from
the crests of C. anthrophagous. C.
thorbjarnarsoni is also noted
for having a broad snout.
Because of its large size, C. thorbjarnarsoni was undoubtedly an apex predator of its ecosystem that probably preying upon the large mammalian fauna of the time, hunting behaviour that is analogous to the present day C. niloticus. However early hominids (the ancestors of people today) are also known from the same locations as C. thorbjarnarsoni, something that has led to grisly speculation that some hominids may have fallen victim to C. thorbjarnarsoni. Although direct evidence for this is currently lacking, the smaller C. niloticus is known to attack and eat modern humans that are much larger than their hominid ancestors. Additionally the related C. anthropophagus is regarded as the culprit for the tooth marks found on hominid fossils near where it was found. You also need to consider that crocodiles can digest bones as well as flesh by increasing the production of stomach acids, so it’s a realistic expectation that once a large crocodile like C. thorbjarnarsoni had finished fully digesting its meal, there would be nothing left for a palaeontologist to find a few million years later.
C. thorbjarnarsoni is regarded as quite possibly
being the largest
species in the Crocodylus genus, it was not the
Back in the Cretaceous another African genus of crocodile called
is estimated to have been eleven and twelve meters long,
while another called Stomatosuchus
is estimated to have been up ten
meters long. Both of these genera likely paled in comparison to an
even bigger crocodile from the Miocene of South America called
which is estimated between eleven and thirteen meters long.
Crocodylus thorbjarnarsoni translates to English as Thorbjarnarson’s crocodile. This in honour of John Bjorn Thorbjarnarson, a conservationist particularly noted for his work with crocodiles.
|Deinosuchus (alligator-like crocodile).||Cretaceous/USA.||10-12|
|Gryposuchus (gharial-like crocodile).||Miocene/S. America.||10|
|Mourasuchus (alligator-like crocodile).||Miocene/Peru.||12|
|Purussaurus (caiman-like crocodile).||Miocene/S. America.||11-13|
|Rhamphosuchus (gharial-like crocodile).||Miocene/India.||8-11|
|Smilosuchus (phytosaur *not a croc).||Triassic/USA.||12|
|3 of todays largest living crocs below|
|Alligator mississippiensis (American alligator).||Present/S. E. USA.||3.4 average - up to almost 6.|
|Crocodylus niloticus (Nile crocodile).||Present/Africa.||Average up to 5, largest up to 6.45.|
|Crocodylus porosus (Salt water crocodile).||Present/India, S. E. Asia, N. Australia.||Average 4-5.5, largest recorded 6-6.6, possibly slightly bigger.|
A giant crocodile from the Plio-Pleistocene of Kenya, the phylogenetic relationships of Neogene African crocodylines, and the antiquity of Crocodylus in Africa. - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 32 (3): 587. - C. A. Brochu & G. W. Storrs - 2012.