Chinlea

Name: Chinlea ‭(‬After the Chinle Formation‭)‬.
Phonetic: Chin-le-ah.
Named By: B.‭ ‬Schaeffer‭ ‬-‭ ‬1967.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Sarcopterygii,‭ ‬Actinistia,‭ ‬Coelacanthiformes,‭ ‬Mawsoniidae.
Species: C.‭ ‬sorenseni‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Carnivore/Piscivore.
Size: About‭ ‬1.5‭ ‬meters long.
Known locations: USA,‭ ‬including the states of Arizona‭ ‬-‭ ‬Chinle Formation,‭ ‬Colorado‭ ‬-‭ ‬Chinle Formation,‭ ‬New Mexico‭ ‬-‭ ‬Chinle Formation,‭ ‬Texas‭ ‬-‭ ‬Tecovas Formation and Colorado City Formation,‭ ‬and Utah‭ ‬-‭ ‬Chinle Formation.
Time period: Carnian to Rhaetian of the Triassic.
Fossil representation: Many individuals,‭ ‬though often by partial remains such as skulls.

       Chinlea is one of the better known coelacanth genera from North America,‭ ‬though remains of this late Triassic aged fish are usually incomplete.‭ ‬The majority of currently known remains of Chinlea are known from the Chinle Formation‭ ‬of the USA,‭ ‬which is also the inspiration for the genus name.‭
       Overall,‭ ‬Chinlea seems to have been on the slightly gracile side of the family when compared to other coelacanth genera,‭ ‬but still retained the characteristic deep body and strong lobe fins of its relatives.‭ ‬The mouth was also filled with large sharp teeth that would‭ ‬have had an easy time penetrating the bodies of prey animals such as small fish.‭ ‬With remains indicating sizes up to‭ ‬1.5‭ ‬meters long,‭ ‬individual Chinlea were roughly equivalent to smaller Latimeria,‭ ‬a modern genus of coelacanth that was discovered to be alive in the Indian Ocean after science had claimed coelacanths to be extinct for tens of millions of years,‭ ‬the adults of which can range between‭ ‬1.5‭ ‬and‭ ‬1.8‭ ‬meters long.


More information on the above fish can be found on their corresponding pages; Ceratodus, Chinlea, Dipnorhynchus, Dipterus, Eusthenopteron, Gooloogongia, Griphognathus, Gyroptychius, Holoptychius, Hyneria, Macropoma, Mandageria, Osteolepis, Panderichthys, Rhizodus, Strunius, Tiktaalik.

Further reading
-‭ ‬Late Triassic fishes from the western United States‭ ‬-‭ ‬B.‭ ‬Schaeffer‭ ‬-‭ ‬1967.
-‭ ‬A New Specimen of Chinlea sorenseni from the Chinle Formation,‭ ‬Dolores River,‭ ‬Colorado‭ ‬-‭ ‬David K.‭ ‬Elliot‭ ‬-‭ ‬1987.



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