Named By: P. C. Manzig, A. W. A. Kellner, L. C. Weinschütz, C. E. Fragoso, C. S. Vega, G. B. Guimarães, L. C. Godoy, A. Liccardo, J. H. Z. Ricetti & C. M. Moura - 2014.
Classification: Chordata, Reptilia, Pterosauria, Pterodactyloidea, Tapejaridae.
Species: C. dobruskii (type).
Size: Wingspan roughly about 2.35 meters across.
Known locations: Brazil - Goio-Erê Formation.
Time period: Coniacian to Campanian of the Cretaceous.
Fossil representation: Partial skull and post cranial skeletal fossils of several individuals.
Noted for its similarity to the genus Tapejara, Caiuajara is a tapejarid pterosaur that lived in South America during the late Cretaceous. Tapejarid pterosaurs are noted for their large head crests, and Caiuajara is no exception. The crest of Caiuajara has been reconstructed to have formed a crest shaped much like a shark fin, and this grew up from the top of the skull, with the base running from the front of the snout all the way to the back of the head.
- Discovery of a Rare Pterosaur Bone Bed in a Cretaceous Desert with Insights on Ontogeny and Behavior of Flying Reptiles. - PLoS ONE 9(8). - P. C. Manzig, A. W. A. Kellner, L. C. Weinschütz, C. E. Fragoso, C. S. Vega, G. B. Guimarães, L. C. Godoy, A. Liccardo, J. H. Z. Ricetti & C. M. Moura - 2014.