Brachycyon

Name: Brachycyon ‭(‬Arm dog‭)‬.
Phonetic: Brak-e-sy-on.
Named By: Filhol‭ ‬-‭ ‬1872.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Mammalia,‭ ‬Carnivora,‭ ‬Amphicyonidae.
Species: B.‭ ‬gaudryi,‭ ‬B.‭ ‬palaeolycos.
Diet: Carnivore.
Size: Details unavailable.
Known locations: Eurasia and North America.‭
Time period: Eocene.
Fossil representation: Partial remains.

       A little known‭ ‘‬bear dog‭’‬,‭ ‬Brachycyon had a short muzzle,‭ ‬something that may have been an adaptation for cracking open bones,‭ ‬since this behaviour is also attributed to other short faced animals‭ (‬i.e.‭ ‬Borophagus and Arctodus‭)‬.‭ ‬This is a simple principal based upon the fact that a shorter jaw means that food is always nearer the fulcrum‭ (‬point of articulation‭) ‬of the jaw which means that it is easier to focus the force from the jaw closing muscles onto whatever is in the mouth.



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