Named By: Richard Owen - 1876.
Synonyms: Propappus parvus, Pareiasaurus parvus.
Classification: Chordata, Reptilia, Procolophonomorpha, Procolophonia, Pareiasauridae.
Species: A. serrarius (type), A. gregoryi, A. minisculus, A. rossicus.
Size: 1.2 to 1.5 meters long.
Known locations: South Africa and Tanzania, possibly also Russia.
Time period: Permian.
Fossil representation: Several specimens.
was a fairly small pareiasaur that may have had a particularly broad
geographic distribution. As with its pareiasaur relatives, Anthodon
would have been a quadrupedal herbivore, and in addition to this,
Anthodon seems to have had a covering of scutes
across its body for
When first described, Anthodon was believed to have been a dinosaur because dinosaur fossils had become mixed up with the Anthodon holotype specimen. Robert Broom removed the dinosaur fossils from the genus in 1912, and later in 1929 Franz Nopcsa identified them as those of a stegosaurid dinosaur, and so created the genus Paranthodon for them.