Angolatitan

Name: Angolatitan ‭(‬Angola titan‭).
Phonetic: An-goe-lah-tie-tan.
Named By: Octavio Mateus,‭ ‬Louis L.‭ ‬Jacobs,‭ ‬Anne S.‭ ‬Schulp,‭ ‬Michael J.‭ ‬Polcyn,‭ ‬Tatiana S.‭ ‬Taveres,‭ ‬Andre Buta Neto,‭ ‬Maria Luisa Morais‭ & ‬Miguel T.‭ ‬Antunes‭ ‬-‭ ‬2011.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Reptilia,‭ ‬Dinosauria,‭ ‬Saurischia,‭ ‬Sauropoda,‭ ‬Titanosauriformes,‭ ‬Somphospondyli.
Species: A.‭ ‬adamastor‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Herbivore.
Size: Uncertain due to lack of remains.
Known locations: Angola‭ ‬-‭ ‬Itombe Formation.
Time period: Turonian of the Cretaceous.
Fossil representation: Partial right fore limb including scapula,‭ ‬humerus,‭ ‬ulna,‭ ‬radius,‭ ‬and three metacarpals‭ (‬MGUAN-PA-003‭)‬.

       The naming of Angolatitan was a very important discovery for the country of Angola because it was the first genus of dinosaur known to have come from there.‭ ‬Angolatitan is so far known only from a partial right fore limb,‭ ‬so details like size or a specific dietary preference beyond just plants are impossible to establish with certainty.‭ ‬What is known though is that Angolatitan was a titanosaur,‭ ‬a kind of advanced sauropod that‭ ‬was common during the Cretaceous.‭ ‬A possible feature known in some titanosaurs such as Saltasaurus is the presence of bony osteoderm armour in the skin,‭ ‬but it is unknown if Angolatitan had armour.‭ ‬The fore limb however is enough to identify Angolatitan as a member of the Somphospondyli,‭ ‬meaning that it was probably most similar to genera along the lines of Sauroposeidon,‭ ‬Argentinosaurus,‭ ‬Astrophocaudia and Wintonotitan to name just a few examples.
       One interesting thing to note is that the fossil formation that Angolatitan is known to have a very high occurrence of marine organisms from fish and ammonites to even marine reptiles such as plesiosaurs,‭ ‬mosasaurs like Angolasaurus and Tylosaurus and even turtles such as Angolachelys.‭ ‬This could indicate that the holotype remains of Angolatitan were from an individual that was swept out to sea.

Further reading
-‭ ‬Angolatitan adamastor,‭ ‬a new sauropod dinosaur and the first record from Angola‭ ‬-‭ ‬Octavio Mateus,‭ ‬Louis L.‭ ‬Jacobs,‭ ‬Anne S.‭ ‬Schulp,‭ ‬Michael J.‭ ‬Polcyn,‭ ‬Tatiana S.‭ ‬Taveres,‭ ‬Andre Buta Neto,‭ ‬Maria Luisa Morais‭ & ‬Miguel T.‭ ‬Antunes‭ ‬-‭ ‬2011.



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