Named By: Stevens - 1977.
Classification: Chordata, Mammalia, Artiodactyla, Camelidae.
Species: A. wilsoni (type), A. minuta, A. panamaensis.
Size: Up to 34kg in weight.
Known locations: Mexico. USA, Texas.
Time period: Aquitanian of the Miocene.
Fossil representation: A few individuals.
was a miniature camel that lived across the southern portions of the
continent of North America, though it was not one of the ‘true’
camels that we know today. Its small size displays well how many of
today’s larger mammals from camels to horses to even elephants had
very humble beginnings in terms of size. Aguascalientia
North America at a time when the lush tropical forests were giving way
to expanses of open grass land, a change that was forcing animals to
adapt to be able to undertake more energy efficient locomotion.
Possible predators of Aguascalientia may have
better known as ‘false sabre-toothed cats’ and
‘bear dogs’ respectively.
Only the type species of Aguascalientia was known until 2012 when both A. minuta and A. panamaensis were named by Rincon et al.
- New floridatragulines (Mammalia, Camelidae) from the early Miocene Las Cascadas Formation, Panama, A. F. Rincon, J. I. Bloch, C. Suarez, B. J. MacFadden & C. A. Jaramillo - 2012.